Basic information on airlines of the Turkish World
Three Central Asian Airline try to participate at the India/Pak - UK traffic: HY from DEL/KHI via TAS to LHR and
MAN: professional but with uncomfortable transit; KC from DEL to BHX via GUW and T5 to BHX and LHR via ASB with
new, beautiful bobbies B737. T5 has only very few local passengers.
They also have their connections from the Emirates
: Uzbekistan HY , Imair IK , Kyrgyzstan K2 and Air Astana KC in Sharjah, Azerbaijan J2 in Dubai and Turkenistan T5 in Abu
Tashkent is a regional hub in Central Asia, Ufa in the Volga-Ural Region. Istanbul Airport has most flights into
the Turkish World. Bashkortostan and Tatarstan do not use western equipment. It is strange that oil-rich Kazakstans two airlines
[KAZ Air and Air Kazakstan] went bankrupt and could not fly to many airports. Also oil-rich Azerbaijan's Airline does not
look very much for a hub role in the region. AZAL relies on oil traffic to Europe and offers a lot of flights to Turkey and
"Il-86 planes will not be in use starting November 15, 2006 and it is too costly to keep them through the winter
and fly just two or three months in the summer," Aeroflot's Deputy Director General Igor Desyatnichenko told reporters. Other
airlines in the region are still far from replacing their fuel-spoiling fleet.
If you already have your visa, most lines
will lead through Frankfurt. Getting a visa in Istanbul is easy and some cities can be better reached via Istanbul. The main
airport there is Atatürk Airport International Istanbul. Many reasons speak for chosing Istanbul to fly to Central Asia and the Caucasus region.
Istanbul's second airport is
Sabiha Gökcen airport. Due to its cheaper prices and its spare capacity it fits operation from the Balkans, Caucasus, Central Asia and Eastern
Germany's main hubs are Frankfurt and Munich airport. Vienna offers a lot of flights to Eastern Europe but on busy days transit in Vienna is not very convenient. Flights have often delays.
Beware of very short connections.
Transit at a Gulf airport is also convenient if it does not add flying hours. Transit times can be very long.
Hints for journeys with CIS airlines - how to feel safer
Always close all doors in your aircraft very smoothly! Kristine's comments 15.01.1999
Check your airlines reputation in the web before you buy a ticket.
Check out their english level and international experience, esp. that of their pilots. When sitting or standing up, don't
touch the seat in front of you. A human being is sitting there.
Do not fly on holidays : Vodka may be widespread in the
plane, even in the cockpit.
Do not have too much baggage : Even hand baggage is included in your free baggage allowance.
Any excessing kilo will be charged by 1 % of your one way ticket price. If you fly from/to the USA, only two pieces of luggages
are allowed, each max. 35 lbs. Local airlines are much more restrictive than international.
There is a new regulation
since 06.11.06 in Europe on liquids in your hand luggage. Effectively it prevents you from bringing alcohol not bought at
the airport duty free with you. Restriction of civic rights sucks!
Do not trust their de-icers too much! Prefer warmer
If there might be fog know if the airport you fly to has a ICAO CAT II or III landing system, most CIS airports
Listen to possible emergency presentations, pay attention to the flightcrew safety demonstration/video, carefully
read the safety briefing card. Know where the nearest emergency exit is and know how to open it in case of emergency (refer
to the safety briefing card). Ask if you have a question.
Prefer aile seats and be cautious when baggage is put in the
aile or at emergency exits. Watch that all head racks are closed.
Prefer airlines that renew their fleets. In Russia,
unfortunately due to the tax code only a few are able to.
Prefer flights that are shown in major Computer Reservation
System as these airlines seems to be able to afford that service.
Prefer scheduled airlines rather than charter airlines:
That is what the statistics say (maintenance reason)
Always keep your seatbelt fastened when in your seat (Clear Air Turbulence can be unexpected and can cause serious injuries)
State Department Travel Information: Travelers on airlines among the countries of the Caucasus may experience prolonged
delays and sudden cancellations of flights. In addition to routine delays, flights are often overcrowded with passengers without
seats standing in the aisle, along with excess unsecured cabin luggage. Even basic safety features such as seat belts are
After previous experiences, we were amazed at our good fortune in terms of both the
service on the flights and the lack of feeling as if our lives were in danger on flights! A few things for people travelling...
Arrive early - and use the scales around the airport to make sure that you have less than 20 kilograms (or whatever your wait
limit). If you have just a few kilos more, a few tricks... 1. put a few heavy things in one of the "pakets" or Russian plastic
bags, and cover it with mittens or crackers. Then when you go to check in, lean the bag on the floor against the counter where
you're checking in. They rarely, if ever, will force you to put this on the scale, and you can always argue it is "your purse."
Russians do this often. 2. Wear a student size backpack th same color as your coat. Black works in particularly well. Even
if it is stuffed absolutely full, they rarely pay enough attention to know that you're wearing it as you put your other things
on the scale to weight. 3. Pack in many smaller bags instead of the typical large suitcases Americans use. There is not limit
on the number of bags, only on the amount of weight. If registration is in a different place than the flight hall, a friend
can hold another bag of overweight and no one will usually check the "cabin luggage" tags that they put on to make sure everything
was weighed. Also, with smaller bags they fit underneath seats or on top and you won't have to check luggage in. Not having
to check anything in saves lots of TIME and HASSLE. 4. If you're travelling as a group, give everyone one of the small pakets
with stuff, and try to put all the other bags on the scale together. Usually if you're speaking a foreign language they'll
finally give up, register you,and send you through without making you put absolutely everything on the scale (not enough room
for all those little things in addition to the other bags...) Most of the airports require you to go on a bus to get to the
flight, and do not allow you to walk straight from the terminal into a warm plane. Often, the buses are NOT heated, and the
plane may not have been heated prior to your entrance. Keep plenty of winter clothes on you (they also don't weight what you're
wearing:) - a friend put six bottles of alcohol into her coat pockets and underneath her sweater. Security thought only that
she wanted plenty for the flight...) The idea is to be the last one onto the, and the FIRST one off of th bus. The first one
off is especially important if you have lots of small bags and need to find a place for them. Most flights give you a seat
number, however, unless the flight is very full you can choose any seat you want. Our experience with buying tickets was pleasant,
but took a long time. The one bright spot was St. Petersburg - if anyone is traveling through there, I would highly advise
foreigners to buy all of their tickets in that one city! It goes much more quickly, and there are many fewer hassles with
looking at documents, determining tariffs, etc. Also, we were able to use credit cards in St. Petersburg, but had to pay cash
(rubles) in all other cities. Overall, flying in Russia is much cheaper for foreigners now. In most cases, the cost of a coupe
on the train was of similar cost to flying for us. Hope this helps, Kristine
Nice hotels at the Gulf
UAE (mind public holidays)
Abu Dhabi (mind the Formula 1 time)
Holiday Inn, close to the ADNEC, small outdoor pool at 11th floor
Novotel Centre, outdoor pool at 5th floor
Central Asia - Orta Asya - Zentralasien - Asie Centrale - Urta Asiya - Zentralniy Asiya
Central Asia Tourism
ALMATY, July 1 (Interfax-Kazakhstan) - A transnational railway linking Tashkent, Teheran and Istanbul is to
be commissioned in January 2001 in line with an agreement signed in Almaty on Wednesday by the railway
chiefs of Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Turkey and Uzbekistan.
The railway will be about 6,000 kilometers long. Train departures will be once a week and a ticket will cost
From Almaty and Bishkek passengers will travel to Istanbul without change. Carriages running from these
cities will be linked to the main train in Tashkent.
The sides are currently working on technical, customs and other aspects of the project.
(c) 1999 by Interfax International, Ltd. INTERFAX NEWS AGENCY DAILY NEWS BULLETIN 02/07/1999
New motorway in Central Asia. During a meeting of the Presidents of Kazakstan and Kyrgyzstan earlier this
year, the parties discussed a number of interesting plans. They exchanged opinions on the construction of a 80 km motorway
linking Almaty and Cholpon-Ata at Lake Issyk-Kul.
Recently a bilateral agreement was signed. So the designing of the motorway is to begin this year and construction next year.
Trade between the two countries increased 50% last year. And more increases are expected when such new transport links are
established. July 11, 97
The highway to be constructed between Tashkent and Osh is expected to be one of the major sections of the Great Silkroad
which is to be revived soon. It will be possible to carry cargo from Tashkent to Krygyzstan and even to China. Economists
claim that the new road gained in importance because it will connect Tashkent to the Fergana Valley which is inhabited by
half of the population of Uzbekistan. Today 4,500 vehicles use the highway daily. This number is expected to record a sixfold
increase after the completion of the highway. Car parks and service stations are to be installed on the highway reaching international
standards then. Eurasian File 9.96
WTO increased its pressure on China and other asian countries to open the Silk Road for international tourism. At a WTO-meeting
in Xian, a Silk Road point, representatives of 25 countries demanded an end to restrictions and liberalized visa rules. The
12.000 km caravan route between Europe and Asia is the longest road in the world. FAZ - Aug 23, 96
The presidents of 12 countries attended the opening of the 295 km railway line between Meshed-Sarakhs-Tedzen. The construction
took 3 years. Central Asia is now connected to Bender Abbas sea port. Central Asia obtains a sure and reliable outlet to transport
their goods to the outer world. The new track allows for rail freight to avoid Russia be the shortest possible route. The
transportation of 3 mln tons a year and a fee revenue for Iran of 10 mln $ is expected. Hürriyet - May 10, 96
Caucasus - Kafkasya - Kaukasus - Kafkaziya
UZBEK DELEGATION VISITS BAKU. Visiting Uzbek First Deputy Prime Minister Ismail Djurabekov and his Azeri counterpart,
Abbas Abbasov, also
discussed the benefits of the TRACECA during their talks in Baku on 25 February. Djurabekov said that Uzbekistan last year
saved $40 per ton by transporting goods from Tashkent via Turkmenbashi, Baku, Poti, and Ilichevsk. He added that Uzbekistan
plans to double the
amount of goods shipped by this route this year from the 1997 volume of 200,000 tons. The two sides signed three inter-governmental
agreements on streamlining currency and export operations and combatting financial and economic crime. RFE/RL 27.02.98
Best Hotels in the Region and Car Rentals
Azerbaijan - Azerbeycan - Aserbaidschan : Baku - Bakü
Baku Entertainment Center
TURAN: OVER 11,000 FOREIGN TOURISTS VISITED AZERBAIJAN IN 1999
Baku, 2nd February: A total of 11,365 foreign tourists visited
Azerbaijan in 1999. The revenue from services for them amounted to
14.4m dollars, the council on foreign tourism under the Cabinet of
Ministers has told Turan news agency. According to the same source, a
total of 51,737 people from Azerbaijan went on foreign tourist trips.
They spent 41.8m dollars on those trips.
The council on foreign tourism reports that about 170 tourist firms are
operating in Azerbaijan and of these only 49 have state licences.
Number Of Foreign Tourists Up Almost Six Times
In CIS, Azerbaijan is the third country for the
number of tourists and revenues from tourism (USD45
per resident a year), Azernews was informed by the
chairman of the Council for foreign tourism Samur
Novruzov. The Azerbaijan Republic, possessing unique
historical (up to 6,000) and architectural (up to 4,000)
monuments has all the opportunities for expansion of
international tourism relations. According to S.
Rustamov, the number of tourists had increased from
65,000 in 1994 to 374,000 in 1998 (in the Soviet times,
there were 6-7 thousand a year). Tourists come to
Azerbaijan from Iran, Turkey, USA, Japan, Germany,
Israel, Syria and other countries. AzerNews-AzerKhabar, 4/21/99-4/27/99
Azerbaijan's railways have virtually doubled their freight-handling volumes this year by comparison with 1996, meeting
their target for the year back in September, ASSA- Irada news agency reported, quoting a senior railway official. This year's
total to date is 8,967,330 tonnes of freight, of which 7,257,400t were oil and petroleum products, including 863,540 t of
oil from Kazakhstan's Tengiz deposit, the official said. Construction materials accounted for 920,515t and agricultural and
other produce for 789,415t. In addition, the railways carried 452,825t of grain products and flour as transit for countries
in Central Asia, as well as 91,450t of Central Asian cotton. December 29, 97
The number of railroad passengers was 2.542.500 in the first nine months of 1997, 26% less than in 1996. The number of
metro passengers fell by 4% to 119.119.700 in the same period. Eurasian File - 12.97
Chechnya - Çecenistan - Tschetschenien : Djoharkala - Grozny
Chuvashiya - Çuvasya : Cheboksary - Shupashkar
BEST EASTERN DIS HOTEL, 11 TSIVILSKAYA STREET, +7-8352-234248, First Class, ***
Chuvashia - Lenin av. 2 - Tel. 22-45-67 - 150.000 Rubel
Dagestan - Dagistan : Makhachkala
Kabardino-Balkaria : Nalchik
Kazakstan - Kazakistan - Kasachstan : Astana
Almaty - Almati (Alma-Ata) Hotels
Almaty : Avis Rent A Car ( Suyunbay Avenue 157B )
- Djemalis Jali - Lenin Prospekt 44 - Tel. 572815/573336 Fax 577772
- The Chagala Hotel - *** - K. Smagulov Str. 1 - 465002 Atyrau - Tel. +7- 31222-54033/28490 Fax -54034
- CASPIAN - Satpayev Str. 15 - Tel. +7-31222-33307
- River Palace
KanTengri Mountain Service
Kazak Railways started train schedule between Almaty and Astana on two days a week. The 12-wagon train completes its journey
in 22 hours. Eurasian File 6.98
- The Bayan Hotel - *** - T. Masina Str. 67/1 - 417029 Uralsk - Tel. +7-31122-59855 - Fax -20459
- Pushkin Hotel
Kyrgyzstan - Kirgizistan - Kirgistan : Bishkek - Biskek
Unfortunately Kyrgyzstan routinely faces electricity and heating problems in the winter.
In Osh is the Jukhow on Amir Timur koshosu, 20-A. Tel. (3222) 200.72. They charge US$ 20 for a double, including full board.
In Karakol, the Shevchuk family has guesthouse at Pervii Proezd Thaelmana, 4. Tel. is (3922) 226.95. When I was there (early
April that is), price was US$ 5 in Som, including breakfast.
In order to stimulate foreign and domestic tourism, the government plans to attract foreign investments by offering tax
and customs privileges, granting state guarantees and providing other ways of governmental support. In 1999, it is planning
to complete reconstruction of the "Ala-too" hotel (with participation of a German partner) and the "Kyrgyzstan" hotel (with
participation of Italian and US partners). Privatization processes in the resort/recreation sector should accelerate. All
visa and customs procedures for tourists will simplify. TEB 10.5.99
The Bishkek-Osh Highway will be constructed by a Turkish-Kyrgyz Joint Venture. Contstruction will be finished in 2001.
About 2.000 workers will be employed. Eurasian File - 07.96/2
Asian Bank of Development and Reconstruction will credit Kyrgyzstan $50 mln for rebuilding the Bishkek-Osh automobile
road. This road plays a strategic role for Kyrgyzstan because it connects two regions: the industrial North and the populous
South. The credit will be paid back in fourty years, with a grace period of ten years, and will be utilised for the reconstruction
of the most hazardous 135km of the 450km highway. The total cost of the project is about $89 mln. The government of Kyrgyzstan
will invest about $ 18.5 mln with the difference invested by the Japanese Foundation for foreign economic cooperation and
the Scandinavian Foundation for Development. Eurasian File - 07.96
List of hotels List of hotels
Sakha - Yakutiya : Yakutsk
- Hotel Ontario Viliuskaya ul., ph/fax 22-046, 65-058
- Lainer ul. Bykovskovo 1, ph. 95-227
Tatarstan - Tataristan : Kazan
Kazan Hotel List
Turkiye ile Tataristan arasinda Turizm Isbirligi Protokolu imzalandi. Turkiye-Tataristan Turizm Isbirligi Protokolu egitim,
istatistiki bilgi alisverisi, organize bireysel turizm, kongre turizmi, 3. ulkelerden turist tesviki gibi konulari iceriyor.
DUNYA - 16 Nisan 1997
Newly built bridge shortens distances between Moscow and Kazan : A long bridge for motorists built across the Sviaga river
Tatarstan is ready to be put into operation. The inspection of the bridge was started by a State Commission today. ...on the
most important areas in Tatarstan divided by bid river
and has become a reliable transport link connecting Tatarstan with Russia's center, the Volga region, Urals and Siberia. The
construction of the bridge whose cost exceeds five billion roubles continued for six
years. ITAR-TASS Nov 6, 96
Antalya based Eha Group signed an agreement with Tatarstan worth 165 trln TRL (1,7 bln USD). The agreement signed with
the Tatarstan Highway Department includes the construction of 40 gas stations, a bridge and 80 km highway. Work will start
as soon as weather condition allows and be finished within 5 years. Milliyet - Oct 31, 96
Turkmenistan : Ashgabat - Askabat
Turkmenbashi (Krasnovodsk) Hotels
Ufa - Öfö
Guide to Turkmenistan
Landscape of Turkmenistan
TURKMENISTAN TO INTRODUCE VISA REGIME FOR MOST CIS CITIZENS
- President Hotel - **** 450092 Ufa, ul. Avrory 2 - Tel: (3472) 53-63-43, 53-60-47, 53-64-71, 53-64-55, 53-64-39
Fax: 53-60-47, 53-02-22
Turkmenistan is to require citizens of most CIS states to obtain a visa
before visiting that country, Interfax reported on 17 March. Turkmenistan
is the first country to announce it is withdrawing from the CIS Free Travel
Agreement. A "source" told Interfax that one reason for the decision is
that "mass migration and other travel are becoming increasingly
uncontrollable." Another reason, according to the same source, is that
Turkmenistan has become a haven for those wanted for crimes elsewhere
in the CIS. Citizens from Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan are exempt from the
new requirement, which is expected to go into effect beginning 9 June. RFE/RL 17.03.99
25.000 Turkmen visited foreign countries and 227.000 foreigners came to Turkmenistan, incl. those in transit in the first
three quarters of 1998. 30.700 people are employeed in the tourism sector, incl. 4.000 foreigners. 79 tourist agencies are
operating. The sector income in the first quarter was 28,5 mln USD. Eurasian File 11.98
The Turkmen Tourism Code was approved in 1995. While 400 foreign tourists visited Turkmenistan in 1994, this figure rose
to 30.000 from 95 different countries in 1997. In 1997 56.000 Turkmen visited 20 countries. While tourism income was 400.000
in 1994, this amount was 31.31 mln USD in 1997. Eurasian File 03.98
Tuva : Kyzyl
Hotels in Tuva
Uzbekistan : Tashkent - Taskent
Bukhara - Buhara Hotels
- Bukhoro Hotel - Standard Class - 175 rooms and 8 suites - modernized in 1982 - Muminov Str. 8 - 705016 Bukhara - Tel/Fax +998-36522-31359
- Hotel Bukhara - First Class - 220 rooms -1996 built - Navoi Avenu 8 - 705018 Bukhara - Tel. +998-36522-35348, Fax -31359,
- "Farkhad & Maya" agency & hotel
- Karavan-Sarai - four-star - 450 luxury beds - built by indian Larsen Toubro Ltd. of Bombay
- Intercontinental Hotel downtown, Amir Temur Str. 107A, near Waterpark, five star, 700084 Taskent , Tel. +998-71-350790/350672, Fax: 406459, 500
beds, USD 245-350, pool
- Le Meridien Hotel - downtown, Özbekistan Avazi Str. 2, 700047 Taskent , Tel. +998-71-363995/96, Fax 891319
- Shodlik - Pahtakor kucesi 5 - 700011 Tashkent - +998-71-414422TF - 160$ - First Class
- Hotel Uzbekistan
- Hotels in Uzbekistan
- Hotels in Tashkent
Asia Travel International
Images of Uzbekistan
BULGARIA OFFERS TO BE UZBEKISTAN'S 'GATE TO EUROPE.' Erkin
Khalilov, chairman of the Uzbek parliament, told his
Bulgarian counterpart, Yordan Sokolov, in Sofia on 1 July
that Uzbekistan regards ties with Bulgaria as a "priority,"
because of that country's geographical location, namely on
the "shortest route [for Uzbekistan] to Europe." Prime
Minister Ivan Kostov told Khalilov that the Black Sea ports
of Varna and Burgas may become "Uzbekistan's gate to Europe,"
BTA reported. Khalilov said that when TRACECA (Europe-
Caucasus-Asia Transport Corridor) is developed, his country
will indeed use Varna and Burgas. RFE/RL Newsline 02.07.99
On September 30, 1998 a new telephone country code for foreign countries
will be introduced in the republic of Uzbekistan. Currently to telephone to
Uzbekistan from abroad, one should dial the international telephone code '7'
then the regional code (371 for Tashkent), and then the local telephone
number. New telephone numbers will all have 12 digits and are expected to
make connection easier and faster. The project will be accomplished in two
stages. In the first stage, the code (998) for calling Uzbekistan from
foreign countries, excluding the CIS, will be introduced. In the second
stage, new nine-digit telephone numbers will be introduced in Uzbekistan.
The new system does not affect international telephone calls from
Uzbekistan. July 98
Im vergangenen Jahr kamen rund 700 000 Touristen nach Usbekistan, davon 20 000 aus Deutschland. 10.3.98
Thus, in 1995 374.000 tourists were received against 313.000 in 1994, currency earnings amounted up to $ 10.2
million compared to 5.6 million in 1993 and 8 million in 1994. Services were rendered to 530.1
thousand tourists, including 44.790 from foreign and 69.210 from the CIS countries. Excursions were
arranged for 270.4 thousand people. Services were rendered for the amount of 786.1 million soum
which made 201.6% of the forecast, the amount of currency earnings was $ 10.3 million or
128.4% of the forecast. Taking into consideration the anticipated number of tourists we shall have not less than 120 guides
on the staff and more than
60 part-time guides. About 20 simultaneous interpreters shall be trained who will work at various
international forums. At January 1, 1996 there were 6.632 rooms in hotels in the Republic. Some hotels in Andijan,
Namanghan and the Kashkadarya province are being reconstructed and re-equipped. It is planned
to renovate 15 hotels with 5.700 rooms, to completely reconstruct all hotels, to attract
leading firms of the world to make investments to Uzbekistan, to organize management and
services. The anticipated capital investments will be $ 90 million. A new hotel with 600 rooms has
been put into operation. This year it is expected to complete the construction of the like hotels
both in Samarkand and Bukhara with 930 rooms. It is necessary to build about 30
new hotels with the total number of rooms amounting 3-4 thousand. Preference will be given to
the construction of small hotels (for about 100 rooms) which will allow to use better local
resources, to improve financing possibilities, to decrease operation and management costs. UZINFO
Japan has allocated a 60 mln $ credit to Uzbekistan for the construction of the largest railway coaches repairing plant
in Central Asia. By annually repairing 400 railway coaches the plant will fulfil orders from Central Asia and other countries
in the region. Feb 13, 97
Turkish Anatolia News Agency opened an office in Tashkent. It is the fourth office. Offices in Baku, Ashgabat and Almaty
were opened earlier. Each office gives the opportunity to improve reporting from Uzbekistan. Representative will be an experienced
Sabri Selvi who works as a journalist since 1973. DÜNYA - Sep 06, 96
2.000 tons of uzbek cotton reached to the georgian port of Poti to be sent to Europe according to an agreement signed
between Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. In 96 more than 300.000 tons of cotton will be transported to Europe via
Poti. Eurasian File - 08.96
As the last Turkic Republic Uzbekistan introduced its own car plate system which divides the country into 23 regions.
The plate shows the region number in blue at the left, a letter and a four-digit number at the right. It has no uzbek flag
44 790 foreign tourist came to Uzbekistan in 1994. This is an increase of 12 percent compared with 1993 figures. FAZ -
March 02, 95
- Horazm Hotel - Al Baruni Str. 2, built in 1997, 204 rooms
- Jayhun Hotel - Al Khorezmi Str. 28, built in 1993, 230 rooms