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Tatarstan

Tatarstan Jömhuriyate - Tataristan : Kazan - President Rustam Minnikhanov Tatarstan

first president Mintimer Shaimiev - 12.06.1991 - 25.03.2010

former speaker Vasilii Likhachev 
Next parliamentary elections: March 2011 - last elections March 2007 
leader of the Idel-Yort (Volga Is Our Home) faction in Tatarstan's legislative assembly: Fandas Safiullin

Last presidential elections : 2010 - next elections : 2014 - current president first elected March 25, 2010

December 20, 2008 Milli Mejlis adopted a resolution that urges the international community to recognize Tatarstan as a sovereign state.

Against the will of the Tatars so-called state officials support the suppression of the Crimean Tatars in Crimea. Tatar NGOs support the people and nominated Mustafa Cemilgolu for the Nobel Prize.

Ali Akis

Ilhan Akidils Tatar Page

Azatlik

Kazan City Kazan - the capital of Tatarstan
Almetevsk

intertat.ru News

Kerpe - tatar studentlari cäridäse

Newspaper Kazan Evening

NUPI - Center for Russian Studies

Regionalnetz Kasan des Goethe-Institutes

Tatarstan State Council

The Republic of Tatarstan

Tatarstan in the Internet

Tatar FAQ

tatar inform

Tatar Music

Tatar Radio Dulkyn

Naberezhnye Chelny

Marat Safin Fan Page

Artist Salavat Fathutdinov

Vatan - NDP Party

Tataren in Deutschland Zeitungsartikel
American Friends of Tatarstan
Tomsk Tatars

FIRST LATIN ALPHABET STREET SIGNS APPEAR IN KAZAN. The first signs in the Tatar language with Latin rather than Cyrillic script have appeared in Kazan's historic district, RFE/RL's Kazan bureau reported on 8 August. According to officials of that district, all street names will be replaced with those in Latin script by the end of the month at a cost of 40,000 rubles ($1,400). According to Interfax-Eurasia, a complete transition to Latin script is scheduled to take 10 years. RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 5, No. 150, Part I, 9 August 2001

TATARSTAN'S PARLIAMENT DEBATES SWITCH TO LATIN ALPHABET. The State Council has passed in the first reading a law on introducing a Latin-based alphabet for the Tatar language, RFE/RL's Kazan bureau reported on 27 May. According to the draft, the transition to the Latin alphabet in educational institutions will be made gradually and will be finished by September 2011. The cost of implementing the law is estimated at 115 million rubles (about $5 million.) The Latin alphabet for written Tatar was replaced by Cyrillic in 1939. In an interview with TatarInform earlier this month, parliamentary deputy Renat Kharisov rejected the protests of some members of the Tatar intelligentsia who argue that the planned reversion to the Latin script will mean that future generations will not have access to the last six decades of literature printed in Cyrillic. Kharisov pointed out that future generations will retain their familiarity with the Cyrillic alphabet as Russian will continue to be a compulsory subject in schools. RFE/RL Newsline 28.05.99

TATARSTAN ALLOWS FOREIGNERS TO BUY SOME LAND. As of 15 August, foreigners can buy and sell land from Tatarstan's state land reserve, ITAR-TASS reported. It thus becomes the second Russian Federation subject to permit such transactions: Saratov passed a similar law at the end of 1997. RFE/RL August 17, 98

STATE MINISTER ANDICAN IN TATARSTAN - According to a statement issued by government, State Minister, Ahad Andican, is visiting Tatarstan between 4-7 May as the official guest of Tatarstan Prime Minister Farid Mehammet Sin, reported the Anatolian news agency. Andican is accompanied by a delegation including businessmen. This visit is the first official visit between the two countries at ministerial level. May 05, 98

Tatarstan opened representation offices in Turkey, Cyprus, and Kazakhstan. It signed agreements with the Ingush and Chechen Republics. Chechnya opened a representation office in Tatarstan. Dec 97

TATARSTAN'S ACADEMY OF SCIENCES RECOMMENDS SWITCH TO LATIN ALPHABET. The Academy of Sciences of Tatarstan has recommended that the Tatar language adopt the Latin alphabet on the grounds that Cyrillic letters do not correspond well to sounds in Tatar. The Tatar language was written in Arabic script until 1927, when a switch was made to the Latin alphabet. As in the case of other Turkic languages spoken in the USSR, the Cyrillic alphabet was imposed in 1939. This is the first official endorsement of changing back to the Latin alphabet. Previously, only Tatar civic groups had called for the change. ITAR-TASS - Apr 22, 97

Turkey opened a consulate in Kazan, Tatarstan . In speaking at the ceremony of inauguration, Tatar President Mintimer Shaimiyev said that "this event will have special importance in the history of our republic, Bashkortostan, Mari El and Samara regions". Shamiyev said "He stressed that the raising of relations to a new level has become possible due to democratic reform in Russia. For this part, Turkish ambassador to Russia Unan Bilgin said that his nation considers the expansion of ties with Tatarstan in the general context of the development of good-neighbourly relations with Russia. ITAR-TASS Oct 12, 96

Turkish Consulate General - Karl Marks urami 71 - Kazan - Tel. +7-8432-644640 Fax +642511
New Consul General Ahmet Riza Demirel
first Consul General Alphan Sölen

(Alsu) Alsou Rafilovna Safina - Young Tatar Star - born 27.06.1983 in Bugulma, Tatarstan Republic, she now lives in London, UK - mother Raziya, brother Marat
second place with "Solo" in Eurovision 2000 (Stockholm)
Official sites: Alsou Official Alsou Fan Club

Record Number Of HIV Patients Registered In Tatarstan

KAZAN, Tatarstan (December 05, 2008) - Thirty-six new HIV patients were registered in Tatarstan this week.

It is the most HIV patients ever to be registered in Tatarstan in one week, RFE/RL's Tatar-Bashkir reports.

One-third of the newly registered HIV patients are inmates at prisons in the Russian republic.

Six HIV patients were registered in the capital, Kazan, and five more in Tatarstan's second-largest city, Chally (Naberezhnye Chelny).

Some 10,537 HIV patients are officially registered in Tatarstan, which has a population of 3.8 million people.

Turkistan Newsletter - Turkistan Bulteni - Wed, 7 Jun 2000 22:56:05 ISSN:1386-6265 Volume 4:118 THE IDEA OF IDEL-URAL by Antero Leitzinger http://www.the-politician.com/ The region between the Volga (in Tatar: Idel) river and the Ural mountains was not always an easternmost periphery of Europe. A thousand years ago, it was a prosperous centre of Eurasian cultures, extending trade links to Scandinavia as well as Persia. The city of Bolgar could rival with any western European capital, and its splendour amazed Arab travellers like Ibn Fadlan, who was one of the first Muslim missionaries at the Bolgar court in 922. Bolgar had been founded by the descendants of the notorious Huns, who converted into Islam and balanced between the declining Khazar state and the ascending Viking federation that ultimately became Russia. Some of the Bolgars migrated into the Balkans, mixed with Slavs and became Bulgarians. Others turned into the Caucasus and are today known as the Balkars. In 1236, the city of Bolgar was sacked by Mongolian invaders, who established the Golden Horde as a part of their vast empire. Later on, the Golden Horde itself disintegrated into several khanates, one of which was centered in Kazan, the successor of Bolgar until its conquest by Russia in 1552. Remnants of the old Huns and Bolgars may be seen in the Chuvash, a Turkic nation living at the west bank of the Volga, which has retained an archaic language and many pagan habits. The mixture of the Mongolian nobility and warriors with Bolgars and other local (Fenno-Ugric) peoples produced the Tatar nation. Because of their bad reputation in Russia (no history books fail to demonize the "Tatar yoke"), some Tatars would still prefer to call themselves Bolgars. On the other hand, neighbouring Fenno-Ugric peoples also adopted many Turkic and Islamic features from the Tatars and felt an affinity with them despite of different classification by scholars. Thus the Middle Volga region remained mainly Islamic and non-Russian, and whenever there was a major revolt against Russian colonial rule, the Tatars were joined by the Chuvash, Bashkir, Cheremish (Mari), Mordva and other nations. In 1917, these nations of the Volga-Ural region founded a common state called Idel-Ural with 14-15 million inhabitants, of whom less than a third part were ethnic Russians. They aspired for autonomy, but were suppressed by the Bolsheviks next year. Soviet Russia applied now the well-known strategy of "divide and rule": instead of a single entity, stretching all the way to the Caspian Sea and bordering to Turkestan, as would have been natural and justified, the region was split into half a dozen different autonomous republics. The first Soviet Russian creation to replace Idel-Ural, today's Bashkortostan, was established in 1919, but contained more Tatars than Bashkirs. Actually, most of the Bashkirs did not really know, what distinguished them from the Tatars in the first place. Even the most famous Bashkir nationalist leader, Zeki Validi Togan, was himself soon disillusioned, escaped abroad and became an advocate of Turkic unity. In 1920, the Chuvash nation - or rather, less than half of it was "rewarded" with its very own lilliput autonomy. The Tatars were left with a rump-Tatarstan around Kazan, but only a quarter of all Tatars lived within its borders, while almost half of the population was Russian! In the 1930s, the process was finalized for to the Fenno-Ugric people: a quarter of the Mordva nation was united into a titular republic, where most of the population speaks Russian, and less than half of the Cheremish nation got their own among equal many Russians. It became clear, that the nationalist division of Idel-Ural only served the ideas of administrative centralization and cultural russification of the whole region. The president of Idel-Ural, Sadri Maksudi Arsal, escaped to Finland in 1918. He was well received by the Finnish foreign minister, who remembered his valiant defences for the national self-determination and constitutional rights of Finland in the Russian Duma. The president in exile also met officials from Estonia before continuing in 1919 to Sweden, Germany and France, in a quest for western support. When the national minorities and the autonomous republics of the Russian federation were allowed again to search for their identity and political interests, the idea of a common Idel-Ural federation was reborn. There are, however, many obstacles on the way ahead:=20 1. Local ("republican") leaders like Mintimer Shaimiyev, president of Tatarstan, are the same old communists nominated by the Soviet leadership before any reforms of the society were initiated, and it still is in their personal and family interests to continue the administrative division and extend their terms of office, which has enabled them to privatize the natural wealth (oil, gas, etc.), and to keep all power concentrated in their own hands. It is unlikely, that they would ever cede power democratically. The situation reminds us somewhat of that of pre-1860s Italy and Germany with their numerous principalities; 2. The federal authorities in Moscow ("Centre") will continue to divide and rule. Although Vladimir Putin as president of Russia has issued a decree about the formation of larger administrative units, in the 19th century fashion of General Gouvernements, he will not proceed to break any loyal "republican" leaders, and since the general governors will be nominated instead of elected, there is not even a chance of democratical representation at that level. 3. Popular feelings - specially among the ethnic Russian populations - can easily be manipulated by disinformation and provocations. The Tatars can be labelled "Turkic nationalists" or "Islamic extremists" to scare off Fenno-Ugric sympathisants. Russian culture, academic research and impressions among foreigners are full of Orthodox Christian and Soviet myths, that serve well if needed. The Arabs, for example, have never learned or cared about the fate of their co-religionists, because they have been fixed to other issues and tend to identify Tatars with the conquerors of Baghdad in 1258. The Armenians, who have strong lobbies in the USA and France, used to call their neighbouring enemies, Azerbaijani Turks, as Tatars. European historiography demonized both the Huns and the "Tartars", referring to the Greek underworld, Tartaros. 4. The Turkic and Fenno-Ugric nationalities themselves may not have too many prejudices and stereotypes of each other, and there is not a general animosity against Russians as individual people, but there is a terrifying lack of healthy self-respect. After generations of oppression, ridicule and deep hate (Russians put the blame of all their problems on the "Tatar yoke"), Tatars and the other Idel-Ural nations suffer from a collective inferiority complex, feeling all the time the need to explain and excuse for their very existence. The development of an influential, united Idel-Ural movement, however, can only be secured if nobody feels his identity threatened. 5. Even if neither the domestic elite nor the Kremlin, and neither external provocations nor internal confusions would weaken the idea of Idel-Ural, there would necessarily remain certain conflicts of interests. The main problem is, that only a part of the people in question would benefit from geographical solutions, home rule or independence. Residents of Moscow or other parts of Russia would be cut out and left to suffer possibly increasing discrimination and pogroms. This happened to the Jews who did not emigrate from Russia, and it is happening to the Chechens and other Caucasians who are feeling the consequences of secession. For the reasons listed above, Idel-Ural is likely to remain more an Ideal Ural, a permanent vision of what could have been, or a utopy to be reached in a far-away better future. Italy and Germany could not have united by 1871, if foreign pressure would have overweighted the pan-Italian and pan-German movements. Greece, Armenia, and Israel could hardly have become what they are now, if there would have been no massive immigration caused by foreign interventions and accompanied by massacres. The birth process of nations is extremely painful, particularly in politically hostile environments. Both Idel-Ural and a federative North Caucasus succumbed in 1918 to Russian intervention rather than to any domestic division. Switzerland was not born as a confederation suddenly and peacefully.=20 The peoples of Idel-Ural need first to develop a deep sense of solidarity and traditions of mutual assistance, but also the outside world could assist such a positive trend by supporting the idea and by giving a voice for those who do not seek salvation in the mercy of the Kremlin or in the petty pseudo-patriotism of former party bosses turned overnight to statesmen and big businessmen at the costs of their peoples. Antero Leitzinger (The author has edited a book named "Misherit" about the Mishar Tatars, who form the oldest Islamic community in Finland. The book is presented at the publisher's homepage http://www.clinet.fi/~zinger/books)