In 1960, Soviet airline Aeroflot announced that it needs a cheap and simple transport
to replace Li-2 (licensed DC-3), Il-2 and Il-14 aircraft. Today the AN-24 serves most domestic routes and even some regional
and international flights in the CIS. After the collapse of the Soviet Union some have been sold to foreign countries. The
An-26 like the An-24RV has an auxiliary turbojet in the right engine nacelle, used for high-and-hot operations. The An-26
has a rear loading ramp. It is in service since 1969.
speed 450 km/hr
Range 1,700 km
Flying aboard IL 62M is an opportunity to overcome big distances within a short
time. 285 IL62 have been manifactured in Kazan / Tatarstan . Approximately 100 were sold abroad. This long-range plane came
in service in September 66. The IL62 is easy to handle and its navigation equipment allows to fly in pratically all meteorological
conditions. The plane has been modified several times and in 1974 the IL62M model was introduced.
speed 830 km/hr
Range 10,500 km
All former soviet republics fly with IL-76 cargo between Europe, Middle East,
Central Asia and South East Asia. 900 IL-76 have been produced in Tashkent so far and sold to the whole world. It copes well
with all kinds of taking off and landing conditions. To avoid the 20kg allowance baggage restrictions travellers and business
men started to charter the IL-76. Equipped with some seats/seat rows, it has an immense baggage capacity.
Cruise speed 750 km/hr
China Xinjiang Airlines
Uzbekistan Airways offers the wide-bodied plane IL 86 on international routes.
The Ilyushin 86 is the first soviet wide-body passenger transport and the most capacious soviet passenger aircraft. Passengers
board via any of three large powered staircases extended from the left side of the lower deck. There they leave their coats
and baggage and then walk up three large fixed internal staircases to the upper deck where the seats are. 108 IL-86 have been
built since 1976. As no version retrofitted with western engines is in sight this a/c will be a rare guest at western airports
in the future which require Chapter III regulations.
Seats 350 20/56/240 SU
Cruise speed 860 km/hr
The IL-114 is an new generation aircraft for use in various climatic conditions
at airports with asphalt or dirt runways. The cabin is fitted with newly designed seats, convenient hand baggage compartments
and overhead panels providing dimmed lighting which creats a warm, comfortable atmosphere in the cabin. The Tashkent - made
IL 114 will replace the old AN 24. In October 96 a cargo version with a capacity of 7 tons made its first flight. Price is
about 12 mln USD. The enhanced IL 114-100 was introduced in 2000 and displayed in Singapur Air Show. Its range is 40% longer
compared with the first model. The IL 114 was removed from Service in 2018.
speed 460 hm/hr
Range 1,250 km
Seats 54 HY
Designed for short-range routes, the Kharkov - made TU 134 is almost indifferent
to weather conditions, and performs well in different climactic zones. The Tupolev 134 is only serving domestic routes. The
landing gear was given four-wheel bogies matched to rough airstrips. The aircraft went in production in 1965 and it made its
first commercial flight on September 9, 1967. A total of 720 Tu-134 were built. Aeroflot will replace its Tu-134 with B737-400
speed 820 km/hr
Range 3,650 km
Seats 72-80 8/60 B2/SU 10/56 GI
Designed for medium-distance routes, the Samara made TU 154 was particularly
designed to operate from rough airports. To spread the load on poor surfaces each main landing gear has a six-wheel bogie.
In 1977 Tupolev 154 production began with a french automatic flight control and navigation system able to land in bad visibility.
Most of the 1.000 Tu-154 that have been built are still active. Aviakor built one Tupolev Tu-154M airliner for each of Tobol
Avia, Dagestan Airlines and Slovakia Airlines in 1997, 4 more in 2000 and 2 more in 2001. TU-154 planes are prohibited from
flying at temperatures higher than 39 decrees Celsius. The Tu-154M is more fuel-economic than the older versions. Those are
replaced with the Tu-154M due to this and due to the fact that the Tu-154M is the only russian aircraft that is allowed to
fly to Europe after April 01, 2002. Although the ban was known since 7 years, only a few airlines like Aeroflot or Transaero
invested int o newer equipment. Aviakor no longer produces the Tu-154M. There are 8 unfinished aircrafts that may be sold
for 8 mln USD. Aviakor is now ready to re-equipt Tu-154B and Tu-154M into all-cargo aircrafts. Pulkovo bought use Tu-154M
from Chima for 3,5 mln USD each. New Tu-204 cost around 20 mln USD.
speed 880 km/hr
Range 5,600 km
Seats 152-180 164 B2 8/144 GI 53/102 HY 12/18/120 SU
This short-range aircraft made its first flight in 1966. Though a jet, the Yak
40 was required to operate from primitve airports without paved runways or any other facilities in the world's severest climates
ranging from southern republics to the arctic conditions of northern Siberia. It is a very small airline plane to be jet-powered.
The plane has three rear engines, and does the short-range routes for the airlines of the CIS . 1200 were produced, the last
1980 in Saratov.
speed 510 km/hr
Range 1,500 km
Though a jet, the Yak 42M was required to operate from primitive airports without
paved runways or any other facilities in the world's severest climates ranging from southern republics to the arctic conditions
of northern Siberia. The Yak-42M was designed to takeoff on any two engines and continue level flight on one. The prototypes
had twin-wheel main landing gears but these were changed to four-wheel bogies in the production version to improve behaviour
on soft surfaces. Updates were also being introduced to the avionics to improve navigation and the ability to land in bad
weather. 170 have been sold since 1980.
speed 740 km/hr
Range 3,700 km
Seats 92-120 75C/Y TL 96 Z6