Home | Antalya Strandurlaub | Aviation | Flag & Map Hall | The Regions | Crimea | Gelecegi büyük birlik: TDB | Avrupa'da Osmanli izleri | Türk Kahvesi | Güzel dünyamiz

Welcome to the Turkish World!

Crimea Migration

Housing Situation

Ukraine has provided land in Herson for the Crimean Tatars who had to flee their homeland after invasion of Crimea. Ten thousand Crimean Tatars were forced to flee from their homeland to the mainland.

At the end of 2004, 47.000 families were providedwith land plots for housing. 22.000 families are living in unfinished houses. 2.500 were not yet able to start building a house. 8.000 families live in a rented house or in public housings.

128.638 Crimean Tatar have no dwelling per 01.01.99. There are about 300 new settlements. 75% of these settlements have electric power and 27% have water supply. There are practically no roads, schools and medical institutions.
All in all in 1991 in different towns and regions of Crimea there began a construction of more than 300 objects, among them 10-storey high rises and about 240 blocks of flats, health centers, 2 maternity hospitals ... Most active work was done in Simferopol, Feodosia, Evpatoria, Belgorod [and] Bahchisaray .... Local neighborhoods with mainly Tatar population are being formed, such as: Beloe-1 and Beloe-2 in Simferopol, Novonikolaevka, Fontany, Lugovoe and Kamenka in Belogorsk, Sary-Su and Ismail-Bey in Evpatoria. LGI by Larissa Brudko
In October 1990 17 settlements around Simferopol were allowed for 35.000 Crimean Tatar. In 1995 290 Tatar settlement existed. Only 10% of them had electricity and 8% water. In 2004 Crimean Tatars live in 294 place in Crimea. 89% of them have electricity, 58% have water and 5% have gas.
The village of Idishel (Viktorovka) is the third largest Crimean Tatar settlement in Bakhchisaray district, with about 400 houses and approximately 1500 Crimean Tatar inhabitants.

TIKA Housing project for Tatar people in Ukraine's autonomous republic of Crimea: This project aims to solve the housing problem of 1000 Crimean Tatar families returning to their home place from Central Asia, to where they were deported during World War II on grounds that they collaborated with the Germans against Russia during the war.
1000 Konut Projesi su anda devam ediyor. Bu gune kadar 189 ev alimi, 51 insaat yardimi olmak uzere toplam 240`a ulasmistir. Nijnegorsk bolgesinde iki adet bina alinmis olup, bu iki binaya toplam 20 aile yerlestirilmistir. Yani boylelikle ev Yardimi 240, yardim edilen aile sayisi 260 olmustur. TIKA, 04.04.2000
Konut projesi, Ankara`nin dusuncesine gore 3-4 yil daha devam edecek. Her yil belli bir miktari Kirim`a aktaracak (her yil icin 1 milyon USD dusunulurse projenin toplam maliyeti 5 milyon USD`ye ulasir) Bu projenin haricinde onumuzdeki gunlerde baslamasi dusunulen (TIKA tarafindan) Simferopol`e bagli Pionerskoye ve Marino bolgelerine icme su hatti projesi gerceklestirilecek. Bu projenin maliyeti: 1 milyon USD

The houses constructed with the allocations of Government till now meet the requirements only of 4000 families of 70 000 of Crimean Tatars. Those subsidies that are provided by Government (1700 UHR or approximately $310 per household) in accordance with official data are enough to construct 2,1 sq. metres of house. Nadir Bekirov

UKRAINE ALLOCATES FUNDS TO ASSIST CRIMEAN TATARS. The Ukrainian government has allocated 1 million hryvni ($475,000) to help resettle Crimean Tatars who were expelled from their homeland by Joseph Stalin during World War II, AP reported. The funds will be used to improve gas and water supplies to Tatar settlements near the Crimean capital of Simferopol. Another 7 million hryvni will be provided to Tatars in the form of construction materials and equipment. Last month, a UN-sponsored conference of 26 donor countries in Kyiv pledged some $5 million to build infrastructure, create new jobs, and provide for cultural needs of the returning Tatars. RFE/RL 30.07.98
In the 1997 budget Ukraine alloted 15 mln Hrivnya (8 mln $), two-thirds of this sum from the Crimean Budget.

Kirimoglu says "Surgunden donen 260 bin soydasimizdan 130 bininin evi yok. Issizlik buyuk boyutlarda. Kirim'da 50 bin konut acigi var. Ukrayna devletinin bu konuda ayirdigi para ile yilda sadece 300 konut yapabiliyoruz." Ozfatura said "Zenginlerimiz Kirim'dan 300-400 milyon liraya ev satin alip, Kirim Turkleri'nin burada oturmasini saglayabilir." August 29, 1997

Near Simferopol (Akmescit) in Pionerskiy - hastahane olarak kullanilacak binanin restorasyon isi ve diger yatirim meseleri görüsüldü. ENKA Holding bu binanin 50.000 dolarlik restorasyon isini karsiliksiz olarak üstlenmis, Toprak Holding de bu hastane için gerekli 50.000 ilâ 60.000 dolar tutarindaki yer ve duvar karolarini bagislamisti. 11.97

Land plots assigned to Crimean Tatars are far from the touristic centers Yalta, Alusta and Sevastopol.

Health & Social Situation

There are three nursing homes :
Simferopol - Akmescit Kamenka : 13 CT out of 150 - 2 CT personnel
Bahcisaray - Bahcasaray Sokolinoe : 37 CT out of 261 - 4 CT sisters +
Yevpatoriya - Gezlev center : 7 out of 151 - 2 CT personnel +
total 57 CT waiting for your contributions - make them happy with a present!

KIRIM DA ÖĞRENCİLERE SAĞLIK TARAMASI / ANKARA (A.A) - 02.12.2003 - "Kırım Tatar Çocuklarının Sağlığını Koruyalım" projesi kapsamında, Kırım Tatar milli okullarında eğitim gören 3 bin 400 öğrenci sağlık taramasından geçirilecek. Türk İşbirliği ve Kalkınma İdaresi Başkanlığı ndan (TİKA) yapılan açıklamaya göre, TİKA tarafından gerçekleştirilen proje kapsamında, Kırım da çalışan uzman doktorlar ile Türkiye den görevlendirilen 6 doktor ve 2 hemşire görev yapacak. Kırım Tatar Milli Meclisi nin talebi doğrultusunda hazırlanan proje kapsamında, 3 bin 400 öğrenci, 25 günlük bir program çerçevesinde sağlık taramasından geçirilecek. Sağlık taramaları sırasında öğrencilere temel sağlık konularında da bilgi verilecek.

Türk Kizilayi TIKA ile Kirim Tatar Kadinlar Dernegine yardim ulastirdi. 37 milyar Lira degerinde 8,5 ton gida, 140.000 enjektör, 1 ton giyim esyasi, 1 ton ilac ve serum ve 1 matbaa makinasi Kirima yollandi. 13.02.98



The Return : Citizenship and Legal Problems

At the end of 2004, 7.000 Crimean Tatars living in Crimea still do not have Ukrainian citizenship.

Fewer than one-fifth (16,000) of the 270,000 Tatars were granted membership in the collective farms upon their return, so they were not eligible for land when the farms broke up.
A general assembly of Crimean Tatar residents of the village of Teberti (Turgenevka) was held on Sunday with two questions on the agenda: the situation with land privatisation and upcoming protest actions. There are 863 Crimean Tatar inhabitants of working age in this village, but only 113 of them have the right to get the land plot according to the present legislation. Meanwhile, there are 327 applications submitted by Crimean Tatars to local authorities several months ago. None of them have received any answer, either positive or negative. The assembly decided to hold a picket on April 12nd, 2000 in front of the County Soviet to protest its attitude towards Crimean Tatar demands.

(AP) October 13, 2000 -- The presidents of Ukraine and Uzbekistan signed a package of agreements Thursday, including a deal to help ethnic Tatar natives of Ukraine deported to Uzbekistan by Soviet dictator Josef Stalin. The exiles and their descendants were allowed to return only shortly before the 1991 Soviet collapse. More than 270,000 have gone back to Crimea, but many remain in Central Asia, held back by problems in acquiring citizenship and finding jobs. The agreement is intended to ease the acquiring of Ukrainian citizenship for Uzbekistan's Crimean Tatars.
The ukrainian-uzbek treaty dated 5.9.98 was offering legal help only until 31.12.99. Many problems still were unresolved in Uzbekistan so that only 9.000 Crimean Tatar could achieve ukrainian citizenship with another 1.000 becoming without citizenship because uzbek bureaucracy did not prepare the neccessary documents until the dead-line. Deportees without citizenship need an invitation from Crimea to travel to Crimea. One has to pay each side 100$ which is far too much. Flats can be sold only for 250$ (1000$ in Tashkent). The airplane ticket only costs 250$ not to speak of the cargo container.

The Kuchma administration has made some efforts to accommodate returning Tatars. In September 1998, the Ukrainian and Uzbek governments, with the assistance of U.N. High Commission for Refugees, drafted new procedures that allow Tatars to relinquish their Uzbek citizenship without costly visits to Kyiv or Tashkent (Ukraine will not naturalize dual citizens). On average, the procedure takes six months - halving the year-long procedure that once was in place. Tatars descend on Simferopol to mark deportation by NATHAN HODGE - Kyiv Post - 21.05.99

26MAY1968 98 Crimean Tatar build a tent camp at the Salgir river in Simferopol. The next day KGB and militia beat and remove them from Crimea.

June 03, 1993 a dozen Crimean Tatar from Uzbekistan were refused entering Ukraine at a border post in the Donetsk province. Although there is no visa regime between CIS countries, Crimean Tatars face such problems.

Crimean Germans Website

German Emigrant and Immigrant Queries

Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräber Fürsorge e.V.


Crimean Government Decision

The N187 Decision was adopted on June 13, 2000. To implement orders of the President of Ukraine on resettlement issues and ethno-cultural development of formerly deported Crimean Tatars, The Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea decided: 1.. To create the Council of Representatives of Crimean Tatars near the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. 2.. The Property Fund of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea to allocate a building for the Council of Representatives of the Crimean Tatar people near the President of Ukraine. 3.. The Architecture Ministry, the Agro-industrial Ministry, the Republican Committee on Family and Youth Affairs, the Republican Committee on Affairs of Nationalities and Deported People to propose measures to support deportees, who build dwellings, at the expense of budget and other sources of financing. 4.. The Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republican Center of Population Employment to implement the 2000 republican program of population employment, provided measures concerning resolution of problems of job placement, professional training and re-training of unemployed Crimean Tatar deportees. 5.. The Ministry of Economy, the Agro-industrial Ministry, the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, the Republican Committee on Affairs of Nationalities and Deported People to submit a proposal to the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea on small and medium business development, support of farmers and crediting to provide employment for repatriates. 6.. The Ministry of Education of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea: 1.. To reach implementation of the program approved by the Decision of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea N260 of 27.08.1997 on development of network of educational institutions, classes with Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar as languages of instruction. 2.. To August 1, 2000 to submit a proposal to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine on publishing teaching books, dictionaries and reference books in Crimean Tatar for 2001-2005. 3.. To create a Department of Education on Crimean Tatar language within the structure of the Ministry of Education of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. 4.. To create positions of methodologists-inspectors, to manage education on the Crimean Tatar language, in city (district) Education Departments. 5.. To fill the quotas for deportees according to the "Special Training and Re-Training of Personnel for the Social and Cultural Sphere in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea" Program. 6.. To September 1, 2000 to present a project of restoration of Scientific-Research Institute of the Crimean Tatar language, literature and history. 7.. The Ministry of Culture of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea: 1.. To continue activities to return monuments of history and culture, created by representatives of deported ethnic groups and currently stored in the depositories of the CIS countries and foreign countries, to museums of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. 2.. In 2001, to foresee allocation of funds for reconstruction of the building of the Crimean Tatar Republican Arts Museum. 3.. In 2000, to complete reconstruction of the building of the Crimean Tatar Musical-Drama Theater. 4.. To create a Department on Recreation and Preservation of the Crimean Tatar culture within the structure of the Ministry of Culture. 8.. The Ministry of Healthcare of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea: 1.. To July 15, 2000 to provide a plan of creation of healthcare institutions in Crimean Tatar settlements. 2.. To undertake measures to strengthen material-technical base of the Republican Medical Center For the Deported Peoples. 3.. To conduct comparative research of the health condition of the formerly deported citizens aimed to improve the medical service. 4.. To October 1, 2000 together with the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection to conduct an analysis of employment of Crimean Tatar medical workers with the goal of their further employment. 9.. The Republican Committee on Protection of Monuments of History and Culture of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea: 1.. To August 1, 2000 to submit a proposal to the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea on activities to restore the historical toponymy in Crimea with further introduction to the Verhovna Rada of Ukraine. 2.. To create a position of specialist to manage revelation and restoration of monuments of Crimean Tatar history and culture. 10.. The Republican Committee on Information to submit a proposal to the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea on broadcasting programs on the Crimean Tatar language, to July 1, 2000. 11.. The Republican Committee on Affairs of Nationalities and Deported People of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea: 1.. To allocate funds to strengthen the material-technical base of the Crimean Tatar Folk Ensemble "Qirim" and the State Crimean Tatar Ensemble "Haytarma". 2.. To submit proposal on allocation of funds in 2001 from the Republican budget to create a publishing house of Crimean Tatar literature. 12.. The Committee on Religious Affairs near the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea to continue activities aimed to restitute the religious units to the Crimean Tatar religious communities according to the Decision of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine N113 of May 7, 1998. 13.. The Administrative Department of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea together with the Council of Representatives of the Crimean Tatar people near the President of Ukraine to September 1, 2000 to develop and introduce to the Council of Ministers the complex program aimed to bringing in Crimean Tatar specialists to the executive bodies of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. 14.. The Ministry of Resorts and Tourism to conduct the tourism program using ethnographic villages, in 2001.


Migration and Population Figures

Administration of Crimea : 14 regions, 11 cities, 6 district, 66 counties and 990 villages 

Crimean Tatar Place Names
Cities and Counties Population Tatar Share of Population Share of Tatars
Akmescit 378.000 13.856 3,7 5,8
Akmescit county 147.000 26.571 18,1 11,1
Bahcasaray 43.860 6.830 19,7 2,9
Bahcasaray county 58.140 12.947 22,3 5,4
Karasubazar 33.840 9.953 29,4 4,2
Karasubazar county 41.369 12.165 29,4 5,1
Alusta 59.600 2.347 3,9 1
Yalta 168.000 1.010 0,6 0,4
Cankoy county 142.320 20.810 14,6 8,7
Islamterek county 68.104 15.964 23,4 6,7
Kurman county 106.970 16.142 15,1 6,8
Orkapi county 98.211 6.600 6,7 2,8
Sak 33.372 1.739 5,2 0,8
Sak county 83.812 12.473 14,9 5,2
Gezlev 134.509 9.546 7,1 4,1
Akyar 416.000 4.500 1,1 1,9
Sudak 19.280 2.797 14,5 1,2
Sudak county 16.420 2.581 15,7 1,1
Kerc 180.500 1.540 0,9 0,7
Yedikuyu county 87.087 14.203 16,3 5,9
Icki county 42.810 8.471 19,8 3,5
Akseyh county 41.860 5.726 13,7 2,4
Curci county 47.870 10.739 22,4 4,6
Seyitler county 63.000 8.510 13,5 3,6
Akmecet county 36.040 4.784 13,3 2
Kefe county 124.100 4.907 4 2,1
Total 4.4.1995 2.672.171 239.515 9 100

The share of Crimean Tatar differ between 0,6% in Yalta and 29,4% in Karasubazar.

Migration:

In 1996 2 CT migrated to Kazakstan, five migrated from Kazakstan.

About 12.000 Crimean Tatars returned from Kazakstan while 43.000 returned from Russia to Crimea. SOTA bitig 01.97

Number of registered Crimean Tatars in Uzbekistan : 1959 47.000 1979 118.000 1989 189.000. They are concentrated in Samarkand, Shehrisebz and Tashkent. Number of Crimean Tatar in exile regions: 1.1.1950 165.259 1.1.1954 165.629
In 1992 around 4% of the Uzbek population were Crimean Tatar which is 125.000 people

249.000 Tatars live in Kazakstan according to the latest poll in 2000.

Around 125.000 Crimean Tatars still live in the other CIS countries.


News From Kemal Seitveliev in Bakhchisaray - 05.04.2000 The Draft Law on the Status of Crimean Tatar people, postponed in the Ukrainian Parliament for years, has been finally debated today. If passed, the law should have defined a special status for Crimean Tatar people (Indigenous People of Crimea), as opposed to the status of other ethnic groups in Crimea, for example Russian-speakers, Armenians or Germans (National Minorities). This special status for Crimean Tatars should, in principle, open ways for their guaranteed representation in the state administration of Crimea, compensations for property, illegally taken by the state during the deportation, helping to improve the situation with the development of Crimean Tatar language and cultural heritage, address the problems of higher than 60% unemployment. One of the most crucial problems, which could be legally addressed by Verhovna Rada of Ukraine should have been the issue of land privatization which, although at troubled pace, is under way in Crimea - except for Crimean Tatars, who due to the lack of official employment at state farms and land cooperatives cannot legally claim their share of privatized land. Verhovna Rada of Ukraine did not make the final decision on the Draft however. According to the news on Ukrainian 1+1 TV channel, Ukrainian Parliament, although acknowledging the "apparently not sweet" life of the Crimean Tatar community, has only decided to recommend itself (that is to recommend Ukrainian Parliament) to address the above-stated problems, including the status of Crimean Tatar people, sometimes in the future. The privatization of land, undoubtedly the hottest issue for Crimean Tatars, one with regard to which many Crimean Tatar politicians warned about the possibility of active clashes between the Crimean Tatar and non-Crimean Tatar groups, was only indirectly addressed by the Parliament: once again, in the form of recommendation to address the issue in the future law on the status of the people. From the several speeches, which appeared on TV in the evening news my impression was that some Ukrainian parliamentarians tried to dump the burden of responsibility for possible conflicts exclusively on Crimean Tatars themselves: "The issue of land privatization is, of course, very important, but Crimean Tatars actively overpoliticize it" said one of the speakers. Other points of view on the situation, if existed, have not been presented. However, from the speech of Refat Chubarov, member of Parliament and Vice-Chairman of Mejlis, it was clear that the warning of Crimean Tatar leaders about the possible strongly negative outcomes of non-constructive approach to land privatization by Ukrainian side of the dialog have been noticed by the Parliament, and very likely some of the Parliamentarians tried to explore the popular topic of analyzing the loyalty of Crimean Tatars to Ukrainian unity and uniformity. Refat Chubarov underlined that Crimean Tatars repeatedly stood on firm pro-Ukrainian positions and claims about Crimean Tatar "separatism" and "extremism" have been misplaced. Besides Refat Chubarov, Ilmi Umerov and Nadir Bekirov have also been invited to Ukrainian Parliament to observe the debates. Crimean Tatar section of Sevastopol TV, also located in Bakhchisaray region has been officially accredited to record the debates, so we should have more information on the hearings soon. Crimean Tatars have indicated already that their protest activities, traditionally concentrating around May 18 Deportation date, will strongly depend on the outcomes of the Parliamentarian discussions and the level of "proactiveness" Ukrainian and Crimean government will demonstrate towards their demands. In contrast, in Bakhchisaray region (where two of the five top executives, Ilmi Umerov and Rustem Chiygoz, in the District State Administration are Crimean Tatars) the regular monthly Mejlis Assembly on April 3rd has decided to reduce the political pressure on the District Administration, since the latter has agreed, after strong lobbying by Mr. Umerov and repeated meeting between local Mejlis and Mr. Tsiganskiy, head of Administration, to work for voluntary redistribution of land by Russian-speaking population to ensure equal and proportional participation of Crimean Tatar community in the land privatization and ownership. According to the preliminary draft decision, Crimean Tatars in Bakhchisaray region should receive as much per capita land as Russian-speakers living on the same territory. This decision, unprecedented for Crimea, "shocked" the majority of the higher-level state officials. None of them has yet expressed their support for this scheme. It may turn out that the proposition of the District Administration will fail, and local Russian-speaking population, or at least part of it, will refuse to participate in the redistribution voluntarily. Still, the positive impact of the possibility of making political bargaining on equal footing and in the cabinets, rather than from the streets and in the form of meeting ultimatums is obvious. However, if Ukrainian Parliament, encouraged by Council of Europe, which also today, on April 5, took a very moderate approach to the problems of Crimean Tatars, carefully avoiding any problematic terms, such as "indigenous people", "restitution of rights" or "guaranteed representation", chooses to concentrate on formal points, such as citizenship of Crimean Tatars, instead of taking on the agenda the most troubled issues, rapid radicalization of Crimean Tatar demands, losing their patience and confidence in the good will of Ukrainian law-makers seems to be almost inevitable. Even more so since Crimean Tatars, in many clashes with the state, have discovered the blackmailing power of mass civil actions which, at least the non-Crimean Tatar press and politicians claim so, threaten the tourism incomes and economic development of Crimea, representing, therefore, a very mighty instrument in political bargaining with Crimean authorities. The only irony of such a development will be that from the deteriorating economic situation will first suffer the government of Crimea and its Prime Minister Kunitsin, who is on friendly terms with Mejlis and one of the few reform-minded politicians in the administration, and benefit Crimean Communist party, whose leader, Leonid Grach is one of the main "enemies" of Mejlis and political growth of Crimean Tatars. According to the same TV news, the Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe decided to follow the recommendations of Ponsonby: assist Ukraine in its integration efforts, recommend it to join the Bank of Europe, call European states to make "very generous" financial contributions to relieve Ukrainian integration burden. Kemal Seitveliev Bakhchisaray