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Crimea International


Official Sites

UN High Commissioner on Human Rights, Mrs. Mary Robinson

UNHCR (Geneva) High Commission for Refugees, Mrs. Sadako Ogata

OSCE Mission to Ukraine

The mandate of the OSCE Mission to Ukraine ended on 30 April 1999. The mission was established on 15 June 1994 and began working in November of the same year. The principle areas of Mission activity were concerned with the status of Crimea as an autonomous part of Ukraine and the return to Crimea of over 250.000 deported people and their descendants. OSCE Newsletter 06/1999

OSCE Newsletter 09.97

OSCE Annual Report 1997 OSCE Annual Report 1996

UNHCR on Crimea

OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities




UNDP Crimea Programme



TACIS/EU Ukraine
Turkish Embassy in Kyiv - vul. Arsenalna 18 - Tel. +380-44-2949964/291 88 45 Fax +380-44-2956423 / 291 88 84 - Ambassador Alp Karaosmanoglu

Sevastopol Migration Office

TIKA Turkish International Cooperation Agency - Akay Caddesi No. 6 - 06640 Ankara/Kucukesat - Tel. +90-312-4172790 and Fax +90-312-4172799
TIKA Crimea - Yaltsinkaya Street 20 - Simferopol - Crimea/Ukraine - Tel. +380-652-239815 Fax +380-652-248011

OSCE Crimea - Simferopol - Tel. +380-652-239819 Fax 248011 - mission head: Charles Magi, mission member: Frank Ewers

OSCE Mission to Ukraine - Head of Mission: Ambassador Michael WYGANT - 15 Striletska Str. - 252034 Kyiv, Ukraine - Tel. +380-44-2281031 Fax: 2248243

Head of UNHCR Mission in Ukraine Mr. Joseph Dyorke

Ukraine entered the Council of Europe and obliged to care about the returning Crimean Tatars. In Resolution 1179 (1999) adopted by the Assembly on January 27, Ukraine was urged to respect the commitments as a member of the CoE and encouraged her in particular to solve remaining questions of the Crimean Tatars.
Mr. Egbert Ausems, Head of the Secretariat of the Committee on the Honouring of obligations and commitments by member States of the Council of Europe - ph:+33/3 88 41 3077, fax+33/3 88 41 2702
Mr. Alan Philips, Executive Director of the Minority Rights Group, Vice-President of the Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention, ph:+44(0)171 978 9498, fax +44 (0)171 738 6265
Ms. Nadia Khafaji, Minority Unit of Council of Europe, ph:; Fax:
Mr. Antti Korkeakivi, person responsible for the contacts on the reports, ph. 33 388 41 29956

Crimea International

Der deutsche Jugendverein der Krim

1,000 Deutschstämmige wollen auf die Krim umsiedeln = Simferopol (dpa) - Etwa 1.000 Deutschstämmige aus verschiedenen Teilen der früheren Sowjetunion wollen auf die Schwarzmeer-Halbinsel Krim umsiedeln. Das sagte der deutschstämmige Abgeordnete im KrimParlament, Renpening, in Simferopol. Es fehlten aber Wohnungen und Arbeitsplätze. Nach dem Überfall Hitler-Deutschlands auf die Sowjetunion 1941 hatte Stalin die Nachfahren deutscher Kolonisten von der Krim deportieren lassen. Seit dem Zerfall der Sowjetunion sind etwa 3.000 Deutschstämmige bereits zurückgekehrt. dpa Sep 96

Karaites Association in Lithuania - Lietuvos karaimu religine bendruomene, Palangos 1-4, Tel. 611539
Karaite Kenesa, Luberto 6, Vilnius
Karaite Kenesa & Museum, Karaite Str., daily 11-16 - from 18th c.
At the end of the end 14th (1389) and the beginning of the 15th centuries, the Grand Duke Vytautas brought the Karaite (Schriftgelehrte) and Tatar families to Lithuania to serve as guards at the Duke's castle and as personal guards of the Grand Duke Vytautas himself. Nowadays 289 Karaites live in Lithuania.
J. Maceika's Trakai Guide, printed 1940 in Vilnius, mentions in the Chapter "Paminklu pedsakais, Karaimu kienese" the Karaims in Trakai. In the literature chapter Ar. Turcevic's "Trokskij zamok, 1901, Vilna" is mentioned as a source.
Spoken Karaim CD

Crimean Tatar Association in Lithuania - Lietuvos musulmonu sunitu religine bendruomene, A. Vivulskio gauta 3, 2009 Vilnius, Tel. 652051
Tatars in Lithuania
Tatars came in 14 and 15th century. 5.100 of them nowadays live in Lithuania, mostly in Vilnius. In 1997 the 600th anniversary of the settlement of Tatars and Karaims in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was celebrated.

Zwiazek Tatarow Polskich Oddzial w Gdansku - Polish Tatar Community - Verband der polnischen Tataren
Powstancow, Warszawskich 22m.2, PL - 80-152 Gdañsk
Poland Tatars
Information on Tatars in Poland
There was an important trade route from Crimea to Prague. It lead through Krakow.

1.500 Tatar live in Tolci-Tulca (Tulcea) city and another 20.000 in Dobruja out of a total 24.000 Tatar in Romania. In 1860/1861 a mosque was built in Mecidiye for the Crimean settlers. The King of Romania built the Carol Mosque in Constanta.
UDTTMR Tatar Union in Romania, Constanta, Tel. +40-41-616643
Bucharest Branch President Abduraim Sefcati 021-2104309/6377647/0722-443866
Tulcea Branch President Süleyman Ridvan 074-4195794
Since 1992 Romanian Tatars and Turks have one deputy. Tatar Deputy elected in 2000: Sali Negiat Turkish deputy elected in 2000: Metin Cerchez

Tatars in Dobrich (Southern Dobruja) , Bulgaria
The Crimean Khan Konak was built in 1830 in Varbicha. Around 20.000 Crimean Tatars live in Bulgaria.
Mr. Ivan Miglev - D.-Kovachev 8, entr. G, et.1, app. 1 - 9300 Dobrich - Bulgaria - Tel.: 00359 / 58 / 77 38 89

Bahçesaray Kirim Türkleri Kültür ve Yardimlasma Dernegi
Türkiye'de 5 milyon kadar Kirim Tatari yasamakta.

Chabad of Crimea
4.149 Crimean Tatar live in Russia.

7.000 Crimean Tatars live in USA.

Crimea Cooperation

BLACK SEA UNIVERSITIES' NETWORK CONNECTION `The Congress for The Data Network 2000' of the Black Sea Universities = will be held at the Harbiye Military Museum and Cultural Centre in = Istanbul between 5-8 July. The meeting of this voluntary group in the = Black Sea Economic Cooperation, will indicate the importance attributed = to Turkey regarding computer sciences in addition to the social, = economic and political areas. The Congress will be assembled under the = chairmanship of Prof. Dr. Ibrahim Yildirim, from the Istanbul = University. Hürriyet - 30.06.00

BLACK SEA ECONOMIC COOPERATION FORUM CONVENES IN YALTA. At a forum of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) organization in Yalta on 5 June, the BSEC leaders signed a joint declaration and a charter proclaiming the BSEC a regional economic organization, ITAR-TASS reported. Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma said in his opening speech that "the BSEC is transforming into a major component of Europe's new security system." He added that Ukraine is in favor of creating a BSEC free-trade zone. The forum is attended by the presidents of Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Moldova, Romania, Turkey, and Ukraine as well as the prime ministers of Greece and Russia. RFE/RL Newsline 05.06.1998

TURCO-GREEK SUMMIT TO BE HELD IN YALTA Although no advance preparation has been made, a Turco-Greek summit, might be held in Yalta where a Black Sea Economic Cooperation Conference will be held between 4-5 June, diplomatic sources have predicted. The same sources have also noted that despite the lack of preparation it might be a useful meeting between President Suleyman Demirel of Turkey and Greek Prime Minister Kostas Simitis who will be the highest representatives of their countries at the conference. After the conference in Yalta, Turkish and Greek foreign ministers will come together in Istanbul on June 8-9 for a conference of Balkan foreign ministers. No bilateral meeting between the two ministers is foreseen. However, should a peaceful atmosphere be created in Yalta, it could be possible, noted diplomatic sources. Hurriyet - 28.05.98

Entwicklungspolitik Online


Federalistic Union of European Nations


Sources of Funding in International Affairs

Recommendation 1455 (2000) of Council of Europe

A partnership exist between Heidelberg ( Germany ) and Simferopol since 1990. In 1997 a partnership between Kastamonu in Turkey and Bakhchasaray started.
Freundeskreis Heidelberg - Simferopol e.V.

Kirim ve tatar kokenli vatandaslarin cogunlukta oldugu Eskisehir, kardes kent olarak da Tataristanin Kazan sehrini secmis. Bundan uc yil once iki sehrin belediyeleri kardeslik protokolunu baslatmislar. Gectigimiz yil ise Kardes sehir Kazan, bir jest yaparak, Eskisehirin kurtulus gunu olan 2 Eylule folklor ekipleriyle katilmislar. Eskisehir, Temmuz ayinda bir kardes daha bekliyor. Kirim Ozerk Cumhuriyetinin Sudak kenti. Teklif yapildi, kardes olma sureci baslatildi. Hurriyet 08.06.98

Military and Naval Cooperation

Ukrainian Navy

BLACK SEA COUNTRIES TO FORM A NAVAL FORCE Six countries on the Black Sea coast have decided to form a naval force. = A letter of intent which will indicate the basic principles of the = force, called the Black Sea Naval Cooperation Misson Group, or = "BLACKSEAFOR", is expected to be signed today in Ankara. A statement = from the Foreign Ministry said that the letter of intent will be signed = by Turkey, Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia and Ukranie. BLACKSEAFOR = will be responsible for conducting joint humanitarian missions and = search and rescue efforts. Turkish Daily News 28.06.00

NATO MAY OPEN MILITARY MISSION IN UKRAINE. A NATO senior official said in Kyiv on 26 June that the Western alliance may open a liaison mission in the Ukrainian capital later this year, Interfax reported. Klaus Kleiber, an aide to NATO Secretary-General Javier Solana, said his boss will discuss that possibility during a 8-9 July visit to Ukraine. On 26-27 June in Crimea, Kleiber stressed the importance of developing good relations between Ukraine and that region, ITAR-TASS reported on 28 June. Those ties may improve following a meeting in Kyiv on 26 June at which approximately half of the 26 countries represented pledged some $5 million to help resettle the Crimean Tatars, Interfax reported. Kyiv has sought $13.8 million to help this group, which was deported from the region by Stalin in 1944. RFE/RL Newsline 29.06.1998

25-04NOV98 Sea Breeze 98 in the Black Sea

An International Sea training "The Cooperative Partner '98" which will be carried out June 14-28 in north-western part of Black Sea within the NATO "Partnership for Peace" Program, will differ by "concentration of forces and intensiveness". Sergey Gayduk, the chief officer of Ukrainian Navy Forces head-quarter, told this on the briefing for journalists in Sevastopol. By his words, about 30 ships, aviation and more than 600 soldiers from Germany, Bulgaria, Greece, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Romania, the USA, Turkey, Ukraine and France will take part in maneuvers. 01.06.98

NATO'nun Baris için Ortaklik Plâni çerçevesinde 25 Agustos 1997'de Kirim'da gerçeklestirilen Deniz Meltemi-97 (Sea Breeze-97) askerî tatbikatinda Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Deniz Kuvvetleri'ne bagli bir firkateyn ve denizalti ile deniz askerleri de yer aldi. Alti gün sürecek olan tatbikata ev sahibi konumundaki Ukrayna 18, Amerika Birlesik Devletleri iki, Bulgaristan bir, Gürcistan bir gemi ve Romanya da bir firkateyn ile katildilar. Tatbikatta yer alan gemiler Gözleve yakinlarinda bulunan ve Kirim'daki en önemli deniz üslerinden biri olan Donuzlav'da demirlediler. Deniz Meltemi-97 tatbikati deprem ve tabiî afet hallerinde koordineli kurtarma çalismalari yapilmasina hazirlik amaciyla düzenlendi. Öte yandan, Rusya bu tatbikatin yapilmamasi için uzun süredir çaba göstermekteydi. Bu hususta özellikle bir Türk denizaltisinin mevcudiyetinden duyulan rahatsizlik dile getirilmekte ve tatbikatin Rusya'ya yönelik saldirgan gayelerle tertiplendigi iddia edilmekteydi.

During Turkish President Suleyman Demirel's official three-day visit to Ukraine, Kyiv and Ankara signed a military cooperation agreement, ITAR-TASS reported on 21 May. Demirel said he sees "great prospects" for bilateral cooperation in the military sphere. His Ukrainian counterpart, Leonid Kuchma, declined to comment on details of the agreement, saying that "details will be tackled by the military." Meanwhile, the 22 May "Turkish Daily News" reported that Ukraine "is on tenterhooks" to sell T-84 tanks to Turkey, which, the newspaper said, is "in the market for 1,000 battle tanks." Demirel announced in Kyiv that Turkey is going to spend $150 billion on armaments over the next 30 years. 22.05.1998

(Interview of Director of the Institute of Diaspora and Integration Konstantin Zatulin to the Komsomolskaya Pravda newspaper) - What will be consequences, if, within this week, the Federal Assembly of Russia will finally ratify the Treaty On Friendship... of the 1997 version? - For the first, we will no more have the reason to demand the special attitude towards Russian majority in Crimea and Russian state-establishing ethnicity in Ukraine. So, the ukrainization of population will continue. The position of Ukraine is well known. A few years ago the Prosvita society near the Ukrainian president have recommended that using of non-state languages in mass-media sources is equal to pornography! For the second, Ukraine has its program of cooperation with the NATO. The NATO Charter demands that the newcomer to the NATO must not have territorial claims to any other country. After the ratification of the Treaty On Friendship... Ukraine will not have such claims. And the last thing. Crimea was transferred to Russia by Osman Empire according to the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kaynardzhi of 1774. This Treaty supposes, that Russia cannot cede Crimea to anyone, and even if will want to do so, the peninsula can be given back only to Turkey and nobody else. I do not exclude, that after some period of time this issue will be brought up, because of the Turkish influence in Crimea is being steady expanded via the Crimean Tatar Mejlis, which leader is Turk by ethnic background.

On Turkish-Ukrainian Relation

The Black and Mediterranean seas as 'one sea'? A new horizon in Turkish-Ukrainian relations Foreign Minister Cem should look a little bit more to the north rather than to the east and far east. Ukraine is there as both sides enter a new era. There are many things to be done. The work must continue at a faster and faster pace HUSEYIN BAGCI Last week I was in Yalta for an international conference entitled "Ukraine, Europe and the U.S. in the Formation of a New Euro-Atlantic Security Architecture" at Livadia Palace, where the world was once literally divided among the big three (the United States, Great Britain and Soviet Union). This historic place provided the perfect setting for the discussion of issues ranging from the Kosovo crisis to American and European security interests, and from the Black Sea to Central Asia. The flight to Simperofol with Turkish Airlines was the first of this new route -- an economic gateway to a new horizon for both countries. Turkey is indeed a regional power with its economic strength, particularly in terms of the Black Sea region, and Turkey and Ukraine will certainly profit equally from this new regional cooperation. In my view there are many areas in which both sides can work together, and certainly for the time being stronger interaction is necessary. As the name of the conference suggests, both the European Union and the United States want to bring Ukraine into their respective folds as a reliable partner, though they are aware of the fact that Russia is still the most important economic and political draw for Ukraine. Ukraine, for its part, is pursuing a very cautious foreign and security policy in an attempt to set a balance, as regards Russia in particular. Ukraine has not joined together with Russian and Belarus in the "Slavic Union" and instead stresses always its "European vocation" and its desire in the future to join Western institutions. As an independent state since the end of the Cold War, Ukraine has already established its statehood and national identity, and every passing year will make Ukraine less dependent on Russia, including economically. As is also the case with Poland -- which is now a NATO member and a candidate for full membership in the EU -- Ukraine has generally good relations with other countries and has great economic potential; however, today economic instability is the main problem. Ukraine, like Poland, is not torn between East and West. Reintegration with Europe has for centuries been its policy. Ukraine considers itself, rightly, as part of European culture and civilization. But Ukraine feels isolated by EU policies, and does not have the slightest chance of becoming a member in the EU in the foreseeable future. The EU's policy towards Ukraine has too many "ifs," and it is clear that Ukraine has to undertake certain economic and political reforms to meet the EU criteria. The American position is different. The U.S. administration considers Ukraine both geo-economically and geopolitically very important and is interested most of all in a stable Ukraine. Undoubtedly Ukraine is like Turkey: one of the most important bridgeheads of the Eurasian region. Russian and U.S. interests are for the most part disparate as concerns this region, but there are also similarities. In addition, the upcoming presidential election in the fall will be very important in terms of the direction Ukrainian policies are oriented. It seems that at as the millennium comes to an end, the Black Sea/Central European region will see many new and unexpected developments. Even in Ukraine there are many "post-Yeltsin" scenarios. The difference between EU and U.S. policies concerning Ukraine will in the end serve Russian interests. Russia's Third Fleet (Eskadra) in Sevastopol is representative of the Soviet decay of power. When we were taken to visit Sevastopol on a sunny Saturday afternoon last week, it was clearly to show us the demoralized state of Russian forces there. Certainly, the West has won the Cold War; the history of this era has not ended as Francis Fukuyama suggests, but rather the beginning of a new history has begun. Ukraine is also very disappointed in particular by EU policies that prevent them from acting together to create common foreign and security policies. There is also the general view in Ukraine that the European Defense and Security Identity (ESDI) will lead nowhere given today's circumstances. In addition, Germany is criticized for its perceived "one-sided policies" concerning Central and Eastern Europe. Despite the fact that Germany has historically and currently had great economic and political interests in Ukraine, the government of Ukraine feels that it does not receive enough German support in the EU and other European institutions. The fact is that Germany indeed redefined its interests after reunification, and along with Turkey, Germany is among the biggest investors in Ukraine. Turkey should openly support Ukraine economically and politically to a greater extent. Both countries have much to learn from each other. Ukraine is ready to learn from Turkey's experiences, and the greater number of joint activities, in particular the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization, are very helpful in this respect. Turkey is the most important player in the region as regards greater economic cooperation, after Russia, the EU and the United States. Turkish-Russian relations have improved in recent years more than ever, and they should continue. A stable Russia and Ukraine are certainly in Turkey's interest. It is clear that Ukraine considers the United States its main security partner, whereas the United States views Ukraine as an important instrument, as Zbigniew Brzezinski suggests in his book "The Grand Chessboard," in its economic and political rivalry with Russia. Ukraine follows a policy to maintain a balance of power, and its "neutrality" will in the long run be very different. Ukraine, like Turkey, is considered by the EU as a "security consumer"; a contrast to how these two countries view themselves, which is as "contributors to security." Turkey's advantage is that it is in NATO, Ukraine is not. This is another of Ukraine's weaknesses. However, Ukraine has been able to successfully stay out of any internal or external conflicts. As First Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine Yevhen Bersheda stresses, the Black and Mediterranean seas in antiquity were referred to as "one sea." Indeed, this is another dimension that will bring Turkey and Ukraine closer, not only as strategic bridgeheads but also as economically key countries; in particular, this understanding is important as regards energy lines running between the Black and Mediterranean seas. Is there another country in Turkey's neighborhood that has the formidable economic and strategic potential of Ukraine? It has been a pity not to have yet seen any specific attention given to Ukraine by Turkish governments in foreign policy declarations. If Turkey wants to adopt a multi-faceted policy, Ukraine should be among the first countries with which Turkey should develop relations at a faster clip. I'm sure the Ukrainian government would be interested in searching the horizon for possible new relations. Foreign Minister Ismail Cem should look a little bit more to the north rather than to the east and far east. Ukraine is there as both sides enter a new era. There are many things to be done. The work must continue at a faster and faster pace. Copyright 1999 Turkish Daily News 04.06.1999

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