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Crimea

Mustafa Abdulcemil Kirimoglu (Jemilev)
born on 13 November 1943 in Crimea.

He has been awarded with the Polish Solidarity Prize, Turkish State Award and the Liberty (US) award.

On May 19, 1944 as all Crimean Tatars the family of Mustafa Jemilev was deported from Crimea, lived under explicit commandant surveillance in the Andijan region of Uzbekistan till 1955. At the end of 1961 he took part in the process of foundation of the illegal youth- student political organization . Later, after the destruction of the organization and arrest of its leaders Mustafa Jemilev, accused of participation in was fired from his work at a plant. In 1962 he entered the faculty of hydromelioration of the Tashkent institute of irrigation, but was dismissed in 1965 under the accusation of his possession of nationalistic and anti- soviet views, perverted interpretation of the to deport Crimean Tatars from Crimea in 1944 and negative influence upon surrounding students. In May 1966 sent to prison for a year and a half. This time he was accused of the rejection compulsory military service in the rows of the Soviet Army. In May 1969, after the arrest of famous human rights defender General Pietr Grigorenko, along with other 14 well-known human rights defenders he become the founder of . Arrested once again in September 1969. In his last word M. Jemilev announced a 30-day hunger- strike against the rude violation of human rights in the USSR, which he committed in Tashkent prison. M. Jemilev was freed in September 1972, and as lived under administrative surveillance in Gulistan (Uzbekistan), working as an engineer at a collective farm. Arrested in June 1974 and convicted to 1 year deprivation of freedom at hard regime labor camps. This time he was accused of avoiding the summoning to military training camps. As it later become known the reason of this arrest was possessed by KGB concerned with the assumed intention of M. Jemilev to go to Moscow in order to pass a petition about the problems of Crimean Tatars to the President of the USA R. Nikson, staying there with an official visit. He served his term at a hardened regime camp in Omsk region. 3 days before the end of the term against Jemilev was originated a new penal law suite, accusing him of compiling documents of antisoviet nature. Protesting the suite Jemilev announced a hunger-strike, which, while Jemilev was subjected to the use of force to be fed, lasted 303 days. A month before the end of the penalty term the administration of the camp attempted to fabricate a new penalty, but following the 15-day hunger strike M. Jemilev was sent by a special plane to Tashkent and freed in December 1977 under the explicit administrative surveillance by MVD ( The Ministry of Internal Affairs). In February 1979 arrested and accused of deliberate violation of the rules of administrative surveillance. He was convicted to a year and a half of imprisonment but the penalty was supplanted by sending to four-year exile in Yakutia. After the exile in Yakutia with his wife and child he departed to Crimea, but in three days along with his family was expelled from Crimea and put under the explicit administrative surveillance of MVD in Yangiul, Tashkent region. Worked at a plant as a worker and mechanic. In November 1983 was arrested sixth time and convicted by Tashkent regional court to three years of imprisonment in camps of hardened regime by the accusation of . Served his term at the camp , Magadan region. In April, 1987 at the first meeting of the activists of Crimean Tatar national movement in the Soviet Union was elected within the 15 members of the Central Initiative Group of the National Movement of Crimean Tatars. Edited semi-legal weekly . In May 1989 at the regular meeting of the activists of the national movement was founded (OKND), where M. Jemilev was elected the Chairman of the organization. The same year he moved with his family to Crimea and settled in Bakhchisaray. In June 1991, at the called the first after 1917 time National Congress of the freely elected representatives of Crimean Tatars, named The Second Kurultay (Congress) of Crimean Tatar people, he was elected the Chairman of Mejlis (Parliament) of Crimean Tatar people- the Chief representative organ of Crimean Tatars. In December 1994 M. Jemilev was praised by the appointed by the municipality of Karsiyaka-Izmir (Turkey) Annual International Prize of Human Rights. By the decision of Kastamonu city (Turkey) M. Jemilev was granted the status of the Honorable Citizen of that town. In May 1996 M. Jemilev was granted the status of the Honorable Doctor of Science in the field of Politics and Law of Seljuk University (Konya, Turkey) and the status of the Honorable Citizen of Kirikkale city (Turkey). In June 1996 at the Third Kurultay of Crimean Tatar people M. Jemilev was elected the Chairman of the Mejlis of Crimean Tatar people for the second 5-year term.
awarded with fahri doktorluk of Gebze Yuksek Teknoloji Enstitusu and Selcuk University Foto
High Commissioner Sadako Ogata awarded the 1998 Nansen Medal to Crimean Tatar leader Mustafa Abdulcemil Kirimoglu at a ceremony at the Palais des Nations in Geneva "in recognition of his outstanding efforts toward reintegrating Crimean Tatars in their native Ukraine." A co-founder in 1969 with the late Andrei Sakharov and others of the Initiative Group for the Defense of Human Rights in the USSR, Cemiloglu spent many years in Soviet prisons and labor camps. He was elected leader of the Crimean Tatar national movement in 1989, returned to Crimea in that year and has since 1991 headed the Crimean Tatars' representative organization, the People's Majlis. October 05, 98

REFAT CHUBAROV

  -  was
                            born on  22 December  1957 in Samarkand
                           (Uzbekistan). Since 1968 lives in Crimea.
                           In 1974 finished  regular school. Started  working  in  17  as a
                           sower  at  a  tractor brigade.  In 1975 finished  the Simferopol
                           GPTU (profession school) No 1 with  the  diploma of a mason.  In
                           1977 entered the Moscow State Historical-Archive Institute as  a
                           historian-  archivist. After commencement  in 1983 was  sent  to
                           Riga (Latvia) to the Latvian State Archive as an  archivist.  In
                           1984  was  appointed the director of the  Latvian State Archive.
                           Along   with   scientific   activities  was  busy   with  social
                           activities- since 1988 to 1990  served  as  the  chairman of the
                           Association  of national-cultural   communities of  Latvia,   in
                           which  more than twenty  national communities were  united. Took
                           active    part    in   Latvian    movement     for   perestroyka
                           . In 1989 was elected a deputy of the Riga city  Soviet
                           of people deputies. Since January 1990 to August 1991 worked  in
                           the Soviet of Ministers  of  the  USSR State Commission for  the
                           resolution of the problems of Crimean Tatars. Returned to Crimea in 1990.
                           In March 1994 was  elected a Deputy of the  Supreme  Council  of
                           Crimea (Crimean   Parliament),  where  he  directed  the  deputy
                           faction ,   later headed the  Constant  Commission  of
                           national policies and the problems of deported people.
                           At the time being- the deputy-speaker of the Supreme Council  of
                           Autonomous Republic  of Crimea,  Vice-Chairman of the  Mejlis of
                           Crimean Tatar people. Fluent in Crimean Tatar, Ukrainian, Russian languages.
                           Married, has three children.
                           

Ivan Ayvazofskiy - 1817-1900 - painter

Numan Celebi Cihan - 1885 - 23.02.1918 - first president of Independent Crimea & lawyer, poet and writer

Metin Colpan, business men in Europe

I. Efet - the Karaim general consul of Sultan Abdulhamit

Ismail Bey Gaspirali (Gaspirinsky) - 1851-11.9.1914 - founder of Tercuman (10.4.1883) - published the monthly digests Tonguc, Safak, Kamer, Günes, Yildiz and Miraticedid until 1883, then Tercüman newspaper - Tercüman sold 50.000 papers, 450 people were employed for distribution mayor of Bahcesaray between 1878 and 1882 - introducer of a new system of education usul-u cedid

Sultan Ahmet Han (Amet Khan) - pilot during WW II - shortly after his brother dies during deportation, Stalin award him with the orden "Hero of the Soviet Union"

Veli Ibrahimov

Edige Kırımal

Cafer Seydahmet Kırımer

Marjani

Kayyum Nasiri

Ms. Ayshe Seytmuratova - world renowned Crimean Tatar activist and nationalist

Zarema Trasinov, painter, 1938

Müstecip Ülküsal

Maximilian Voloshin - 1873-1932 - poet and painter

Feridun Zaimoglu, author in Germany

Kirim Sehitleri